Census of England and Wales 21st century Incidence rates for child labour worldwide in age group, inper World Bank data.
Select Page Child Labour in India Children are always considered next to the pious versions of the Almighty who always strive to inculcate happiness, joy, innocence and hope. The future of a nation is determined by the way it treats its children and its women, after all, children imply a hope, a hope to strengthen not only the economy of the country, but also to provide the country with skilled human resources who have access to the basic amenities essential for the existence coupled with the tenets of the education in India.
It is the moral duty of every citizen for the country to ensure that the childhood of our children is protected and not marred with instances like that of child labour which arise out of poverty and helplessness.
What is Child Labour Child labour typically means the employment of children in any manual work with or without payment. Child labour is not only limited to India, it happens to be a global phenomenon. As far as India is concerned, the issue is a vicious one as children in India have historically been helping parents at their farms and other primitive activities.
Another concept that needs explanation is the concept of bonded labour which is one of the most common forms of exploitation. Bonded labour means the children are forced to work as employees in lieu of payment of debt by the parents due to exorbitant rates of repayment of interest.
Also associated with the concept of bonded labour is the concept of urban child labour wherein the labouers are the street children who spend most of their childhood on the streets.
Within the family- Children are engaged in domestic household tasks without pay. Within the family but outside the home- Example- agricultural labourers, domestic maids, migrant labourers etc.
Outside the family- Example- commercial shops in restaurants and jobs, prostitution etc. Causes of Rising Instances of Child Labour Over population, illiteracypovertydebt trap are some of the common causes which are instrumental in this issue.
National and Multinational companies also recruit children in garment industries for more work and less pay which is absolutely unethical. By considering various causes of child labour, we can make a strategy to curb or eliminate child labour. Causes of Child Labour The curse of poverty The main reason for child labour is poverty.
Due to poverty, parents cannot afford the studies of their children and make them earn their wages from a tender age. In fact, they are well aware of the grief of losing their loved ones to poverty many times.
They send their small children to work in factories, homes and shops. They are made to work to increase the income of their poor families at the earliest.
These decisions are taken only for the purpose of eking out a living for their family. There are thousands of villages in our country where there are no proper facilities of education.
And if there is any, it is miles away. Such administrative laxity is also responsible for child labour.The program will seek the development of a pilot model of support and intervention to reduce child labor by providing life and community-integration skills to the young laborers and vulnerable children.
Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, Other legal factors that have been implemented to end and reduce child labour includes the global response that came into force in by the declaration of the International Year of the Child.
compliance systems to reduce child labor and forced labor in supply chains. The application includes eight modules ranging from stakeholder engagement to code of conduct provisions, and from auditing to remediation to reporting.
Companies that are new to social compliance can work through the. Social protection measures can help reduce the incidence of child labour, says Constance Thomas, Director of the ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC).
Constance Thomas, Director of the ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC. Comply Chain by ILAB. Rehabilitation is also one of the major policies that have been adopted by the government of India to reduce the incidence of child labour in India. Unfortunately, the concerned authorities are unable to combat the rising cases of child labour because of varied reasons.