In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: From Bilingualism to Multiculturalism Hugh Donald Forbes bio Mass migration has created Canada's problems of ethnic conflict and accommodation, as it has those of the United States. From the seventeenth century to the present, large numbers of Europeans have migrated to the New World, displacing its aboriginal inhabitants and thus creating a more or less cohesive native or indigenous minority.
Further, the meaning of the term Anglo-American varies depending on the context in which it is used, and the boundaries of who is included in the definition change over time.
In its earliest use, the term Anglo-American described people originally from England, Scotland, or Wales. Most settled in North America in the late s. The term Anglo-American is also used to describe a region in the Americas in which English is the main language or which has significant historical, ethnic, linguistic, and cultural links to England, the UK, or the British Isles in general.
Anglo-America is distinct from Latin America, a region of the Americas where languages derived from Latin namely French, Spanish, and Portuguese are prevalent.
Anglo-American is sometimes shortened to Anglo, which is a much broader term that refers to Americans who are not of Hispanic or French descent, most of whom speak the English language. Thus, in parts of the United States with large Hispanic populations, an American of Polish, Irish, or German heritage might be termed an Anglo just as readily as a person of English descent.
However, use of the term Anglo generally ignores the distinctions between Anglo Americans, Irish Americans, German Americans, and other northern European descendants.
Thus, many people included in the definition do not identify themselves as Anglo, and some may find the term offensive. Consequently, more specific names have been assigned to some ethnic groups who prefer not to be categorized under the much broader term of Anglo, resulting in Anglo Americans, Irish Americans, and numerous others.
According to U. Thus, the term Anglo-American is a common expression that encompasses a significant proportion of the U. While Anglo Americans remain the majority group in the multiethnic United States society, the proportion of Anglos in the total population is expected to decrease as the population of immigrants from Asia, South America, Africa, and other non-European countries expands.
Past research has shown that Anglo-American cultural values and patterns of thinking and behavior are very different from the cultural heritage of many other ethnic minority groups, each having its own customs and traditions.
For example, hamburgers, hot dogs, rock music, fast food, football, sitcoms, and morning coffee are all part of Anglo-American culture. Existing research suggests that most Anglo Americans take their culture for granted as simply part of their life, and thus, may fail to recognize its unique features.
Becoming aware of differences between Anglo Americans in relation to other cultures is important so that not all people in America are assumed to be the same, and therefore treated the same.
Indeed, as the dominant culture in the United States, Anglo Americans tend to be considered as being all alike with little awareness of any differences between them. Such tendencies have led to cultural clashes, stereotyping, and racism.
Essentially, the English were the first Europeans to colonize the Americas in large numbers even though they were preceded in the southwest by smaller numbers of Spaniards. Anglo Americans had British roots that led to cultural values such as the nuclear family that were largely derived from pre-industrial Britain.
There are some common Anglo-American beliefs, values, and practices that are shared and have been passed on to succeeding generations as dominant Anglo-American values, and have been cited by many writers and scientists of Anglo-American culture. Most broadly, Anglo-American culture is described as individualistic independent, self-reliant compared to, say, Africans and Latinos, whose culture is more often portrayed as collectivist interdependent, community focused.
Therefore, Anglo Americans are often viewed by these cultural groups as autonomous to the extent that they have difficulty valuing or conforming to group norms and other ways of living. Anglo Americans also value freedom and assertiveness, as well as equal gender roles and rights.
Columbia University Press, — If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services.The Importance and Benefits of Diversity. May 14, By Sarah Tenas BRONZE, “The problem is not ethnic conflict or troubled racial relations, but withdrawal and isolation”(Leo 1.
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